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Why is the anion suffix -ide used to name molecular compounds?
- ...It states in my book that all binary compounds,molecular or ionic, all end in -ide. But why is this true if ONLY anions get a different ending?
Anish, your book is correct. Binary molecular compounds are named as though they were ionic. Since one-element
anions always have an -ide ending, binary molecular compounds will always have an -ide ending too.
But there is a difference in the way binary molecular and binary ionic compounds are named.
there are often many different molecular binary compounds for the same two elements,
numerical prefixes (mono, di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hepta, octa, nona, deca, undeca, and dodeca) are usually used with molecular compounds.
The prefixes are usually omitted in ionic compound names, because the names of the cations and anions are
usually all you need to know to work out the stoichiometry of the compound.
For example, the molecular compounds SF4 and SF6 are sulfur tetrafluoride and sulfur hexafluoride;
but the ionic compounds FeF2 and FeF3 are iron(II) fluoride and iron(III) fluoride.