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The law of fixed composition

Portrait of John Dalton

Quiz: Dalton's Atomic Theory

1. Hydrogen combines with fluorine in a 1:19 weight ratio to form hydrogen fluoride. If every molecule of hydrogen fluoride contains one atom of hydrogen and one atom of fluorine, an atom of fluorine must weigh:
1/19 times the mass of a hydrogen atom 1/38 times the mass of a hydrogen atom
19 times the mass of a hydrogen atom38 times the mass of a hydrogen atom
2. 1.008 grams of hydrogen combines with 35.453 g of chlorine to form 36.463 g of a pure compound (hydrogen chloride). Dalton's explanation for this experimental fact might be:
one atom of hydrogen combines with 35.453 atoms of chlorine in this reaction
chlorine accepts hydrogen's electron to form polar covalent hydrogen chloride
hydrogen and chlorine atoms aren't created or destroyed in the process so the reactant mass is the same as the product mass.
this is a simple mixture of elements because the ratio isn't a whole number ratio
hydrogen and chlorine atoms always combine in a 1:35 ratio.
3. Which of the following is not a postulate of Dalton's atomic theory?
atoms of a single element can have different masses
atoms are not created or destroyed in chemical change
chemical change is a rearrangement of atoms
different elements have atoms of different masses
atoms combine in simple whole number ratios to form compounds
4. Dalton suggested that atoms were indestructible and unchangeble to explain:
why compounds combine in fixed weight ratios in chemical reactions
why elements are characterized by the mass of their atoms
why mass is conserved in chemical reactions
why elements combine in fixed weight ratios to form compounds
5. Dalton viewed chemical change as:
a change of atoms from one type into anothera nuclear exchange
a rearrangement of atomsa transfer of protons
creation and destruction of atomsa transfer of electrons

Dalton's Atomic Theory
Page 1: Introduction
Page 2: Dalton's assumptions Five steps forward and one step back.
Page 3: Atoms in compounds An "invisible hand" fixes atom ratios in compounds
Page 4: Atoms in reactions Dance of the atoms
Page 5: Learning check Take a quiz on Dalton's Atomic Theory
Page 6: References and resources

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General Chemistry Online! Quiz

Copyright © 1997-2005 by Fred Senese
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Last Revised 07/25/05.URL: http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/atoms/dalton-quiz.shtml