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Classifying matter
1. Antoine Lavoisier, the "father of chemistry", listed lime as a chemical element in his table of 33 known elements. Which of the following observations shows that lime cannot be an element?
Lime and carbon dioxide are produced when limestone is roasted.
When a certain soft metal is burned in oxygen, lime is produced (with no other products).
Lime reacts with water, generating a large amount of heat.
Lime melts at a temperature of 2572°C.
2. Smoke is an example of a(n):
homogeneous mixture gaseous solution compound elementheterogeneous mixture
3. The meteorite ALH84001 contains tiny bubbles of gas trapped in the rock. The chemical composition of the gas in these bubbles matches the composition of the Martian atmosphere as determined by Viking spacecraft in the 1970's. The meteorite is an example of a(n)
homogeneous mixturesolutionelementbinary compoundheterogeneous mixture
4. A blue crystalline material is heated strongly in a test tube. A clear liquid condenses around the mouth of the tube and the crystals gradually lose their blue color and become white powder. Every gram of blue crystal produces 0.36 g of clear liquid and 0.64 g of colorless powder. The same weight relationships are observed for samples of the crystals taken from many different sources. These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that the blue crystals are:
a solutiona wet salta compounda heterogeous mixturean element
5. Vanillin contains 63.15% C, 5.30% H, and 31.55% O whether it is extracted from vanilla beans, synthesized chemically from clove oils, or extracted from wood pulp wastes. Vanillin is most likely to be:
a homogenous mixture of elementsa solution of C in H and O
a heterogeous mixture of elementsa compound of C, H, and O
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General Chemistry Online! Classifying matter

Copyright © 1997-2005 by Fred Senese
Comments & questions to fsenese@frostburg.edu
Last Revised 07/25/05.URL: http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/matter/classify-matter-quiz.shtml